Dwarka, according to the Indian mythology, it was the kingdom of Hindu God Lord Krishna. Though he was born in Mathura, Uttar pradesh, India. In Sanskrit the meaning of Dwarka is ‘Gateway of Heaven’. In Purana, the other names of the Dwarka were Mokshapuri, Dwarkamati and Dwarkavati. Dwarka could be the oldest civilization of human being. It is situated on the bank of Gomati river at Okha, Gujarat, The western shore of India.
Dwarkadhish temple is supported by 72 pillars. The height of the temple is 80 meters. The north door is called Moksha Dwar – ‘ The door of salvation ‘. In south, the Gomati river door is called Swarg Dwar- ‘Gateway to Heaven’. The flag of this temple is changed five times in a day. Total 52 smaller flags are attached to it which indicate 52 Yadava sub castes. Janmastami, the birth day of Lord Krishna is the biggest festival celebrated in Dwarka. Rukmini vivah, the marriage of Lord krishna and Rukmini is also celebrated here, also Holi in March. The opening timing of the temple is from morning 6 o’clock to 1 pm and from 5 pm to 9.30 pm in the evening.
Dwarka is having its own vast thrilling mythical tales which will give you goosebumps. Indians believe that it was the first capital of Gujarat. Dwarka was mentioned in the great Indian Epic called Mahabharata and also in Hindu sacred book Gita and Vishnu Purana. It is one of the four Dhams or Hindu sacred pilgrimages of India (other three dhams are Badrinath, Jagannath Puri and Rameshwaram). This also comes in one of the seven ancient religious site in India (The other six are Mathura, Ayodha, Banaras, Haridwar, Ujjain and Kanchipuram).
According to the Mythology, Lord Krishna was the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu. Dwarka is also the place where Lord Vishnu finished the great demon Shankhasura. Lord Krishna slayed Kansa, his uncle and the cruel king of Mathura. Jarasandha, the father in law of kansa got very angry with him and attacked Mathura 17 times to take revenge. Lord Krishna thought that he couldn’t withstand to another attack as he lost many men in those previous wars. AS a result he decided to shift his kingdom to Kusasthali or Dwarka with his Yadava clan.
He then asked Lord Vishwakarma(The God Of Engineering) to set up a great kingdom for him. But Vishwakarma told him that he needed some land from Samudradeva (The God of sea). Then Lord Krishna prayed to Samudradeva. Pleased God gave him the 12 Yojana land And surprisingly Lord Vishwakarma built the city only within 3 days. As he constructed the city with gold, silver and precious jewels, it was called then ‘Suvarna Dwarka’ or ‘Golden Dwarka’.
Lord Krishna used to rule the Dwarka from Bet Dwarka. Accidentally he was killed by a poisoned arrow under a tree. After the departure of his soul, Samudradeva took the Whole Dwarka back. Archaeological Department found the debris of this city under the sea which somehow proves the existence of Dwarka once. By the way it is said that the new Dwarka temple was constructed by the grandson of Lord Krishna , Vajranabha to pay tribute.
It was a soft sun kissed winter morning. I started my journey at 6.30 in the morning though it’s always difficult to wake up so early. But I had to cause I had 3 destinations in my mind to cover in a same day. First, to visit Dwarka then Bet Dwarka and at last Nageshwar. Although in this blog I only covered Dwarka. Last night I hired a swift Dezire. Driver picked me up on time from Jamnagar, Gujarat. Then took the national highway and hopefully it was free of traffic. The average speed was almost 80 km/hr. I had my breakfast at 8 o’clock.
Atlast reached Dwarka at 9.30. It was almost 140 kms and took almost 3 hours by road but by train from Jamngar it takes almost 2.30 hours. Usually the car parking is outside of this above gate but fortunately i was able to go inside otherwise it would be long walk.
Then after a few minutes of walk saw the entrance of the temple.
Caution! you are not allowed to carry any electronic devices like mobile, laptop, camera etc. So you need to deposit the devices to the above luggage room. So I did. But don’t forget to take the receipt copy.